This forum is dedicated to the memory of Quincy “Train Judo” Rice.
Judo, meaning “gentle way” was created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano, based on existing Japanese Jujutsu systems. Kano was bullied at the age of 14, as sought out a Jujutsu school, but it was difficult to find one, as Japan was becoming westernized. He eventually developed a system of jacketed throws, pins, and submissions, with the underlying ethical principles of seiryoku zen’y? (maximum efficiency, minimum effort) and jita ky?ei (mutual welfare and benefit). Judo became an Olympic sport in 1964, and is one of the world’s most popular martial arts.
Kano sent a number of top Judoka worldwide to spread the art, including Mitsuyo Maeda, to Brazil. Maeda taught the Gracie family, but due to his participation in professional no rules and mixed rules events, was required by the Kodokan to use the term Jiu-Jitsu, rather than Judo. His top student Carlos Gracie taught his little brother Helio, who taught his son Rorion, who founded the UFC to show the efficacy of the family’s method.
A number of Judoka have achieved success at the highest levels of mixed martial arts including Don Frye, Rick Hawn, Satoshi Ishii, Hector Lombard, Naoya Ogawa, Karo Parisyan, Ronda Rousey, Oleg Taktarov, and Hidehiko Yoshida.
Sambo is a Russian martial art and combat sport. The word “SAMBO” is an acronym for SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya (“self-defense without weapons”}. In the early 1920s the Soviet Red Army sought to improve their hand-to-hand combat abilities. Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov were primarily responsible for developing Sambo, from Judo, international wrestling traditions, and traditional Russian and Eastern European forms of wrestling including Chidaoba (Georgia), Gulesh (Azerbaijan), Khapsagay (Mongolia), Kokh (Armenia), Körä? (Tatars), Kurash (Uzbekistan), Kures (Kazakhstan), and Trînt? (Romania).
Anatoly Kharlampiev, a student of Vasili Oshchepkov, was politically astute, and founded Sport Sambo, which was recognized as an official sport by the USSR All-Union Sports Committee in 1938. There has been a world championship since 1973.
Sambo competitions take two forms: Sport Sambo and Combat Sambo. Sport Sambo uses a jacket, and ends with a “total victory” throw or a submission. However, Sambo prohibits chokes and allows leg locks, one explanation being that on the battlefield a fighter with a broken leg takes two soldiers out - the injured party and another soldier to carry him, while a dead soldier takes out only one. Combat Sambo uses a jacket plus gloves and a headgear, and, in comparison with other combat sports, closely resembles mixed martial arts.
Prominent MMA fighters with a base in Sambo is the greatest heavyweight of all time, “The Last Emeperor” Fedor Emelianenko. In a division to tough that no UFC heavyweight champion ever successfully defended his title more than twice, Fedor remained undefeated for 27 fights in a row, many at the most elite levels of the sport.