Here is the end of Chapter 16 of Jack Dempsey's Championship Fighting published in 1950.
"Those are the kinds of hooks you'll be landing in a head-to-head slugging exchange. By bending a bit lower you can hook to the body - terrifically. Your fist land to the body in the same palm-down position. Practice a few body hooks.
"You have been throwing those outside hooks (to the head and body) from the ideal hooking position or stance. You could get full body whirl for each fist because your fett were on an even line. And you could keep the hooks tight without much difficulty becuase you were close to your target. But as you shift to any other position you are immediately confronted with the problem of keeping those hooks pure. And you must use them in other positions, for they are too valuable as weapons to be restricted to the ideal stance.
"In the "normal" punching position, the outside left hook is very useful as a lead that shoots behind the guarding right hand. And it is useful as a counter that "beats to the punch" a straight right started by your opponent. However, it is so difficult to get proper power into an outside left hook (without telegraphing) that the "corkscrew" is used. The late Kid McCoy, foxy old-time middle-weight, made famous the corkscrew left hook.
"Try the corkscrew on the bag. Stand in normal position. Do the following movements slowly:
-Start your shoulder whirl as if you were to shoot a medium-range left jab. No preparatory movement.
-Instead of jabbing, however, SNAP YOUR LEFT FOREARM AND FIST DOWN AND YOUR LEFT ELBOW UP.
-Your left fist snaps down with a screwing motion that causes your striking knuckles to land properly on the target.
-When your fist explodes against the target, your forearm is almost parallel to the floor (illustration is shown in book).
"When you first try the corckscrew, the combination of movements will seem silly and futile. Ti will seem like a fizzle. With a little practice, howvev, you'll master it.
"Let me help you at this point by admiting that the corkscrew usually is a medium-range punch, and that it's usually delivered while you are circling to your opponent's right. For that reason, it's nearly impossible to keep the corckscrew as pure - as tight - as the hooks you were throwing from the ideal position. Nevertheless, you can make the corkscrew...."
Here is the end of Chapter 16 of Jack Dempsey's Championship Fighting published in 1950.
"...explosive enough to stun an opponent, or at least to set him up for another punch. Moreover, if you have a potent left corkscrew that flashes in without warning, your opponent will be very cautious about menacing you with his right fist. Remember that your left hand, in normal position, is always closer to your opponent's hean than his right hand is to your head. As he attempts to start a straight right, you can beat him to the punch with your countering corkscrew. Moreover, if he permits his guarding right hand to creep too far forward as he blocks or parries your left jabs, your corkscrew can snap down behind that guarding right and nail his jaw.
"Can the left corkscrew be used for body punches?
"Yes, it can be used effectively for landing left hooks to the right kidney or to the liver. It is best used, of course after a feint to the head lifts your opponent's guarding right hand high. You can use the corkscrew then as a lead. You can counter with a left corkscrew to the body, as you slip under a straight right. I'll explain "slipping" later. Let me caution you that it's dangerous to lead with a left corkscrew to the body, for your left side is open to right counters, and your head is in position to be nailed by a countering left hook.
"Can the corkscrew be used with the right hand?
"A right corkscrew to the head can be used properly only in one instance - as a counter-punch AFTER YOU HAVE BLOCKED AN OPPONENT'S LEFT HOOK WITH YOUR RIGHT FOREARM. At the instant the block is achieved, your right fist flashes down in a corkscreww hook to your opponent's left jawbone. (illustration shown in book). You can use a right corkscrew to the boody as you slip under a left jab.
"Thus far we have considered hooks thrown only when the feet are motionless - both shovel hooks and outside hooks; for hooks are purer and more explosive when delivered without a step. However, about 1/3 of all hooking openings can be reached only by stepping in, to bring the target within hooking range."
"Always try to nail a long-range target (either body or head) with stepping straight punches. However, if your opponent is blocking, evading, or countering those straight blows, you can resort to long-range hooking attempts. YOU CAN STEP IN WITH ANY TYPE OF HOOK, IF NECCESSARY.
"You'll step in most with the left corkscreww. But when you step with the corkscreww, you do not move in with a straight-forward falling step. Instead, you move in with a "pivot step." You:
-step forward and slightly to your own left, pointing the toe sharply in.
-Your body pivots on the ball of your left foot as you left arm and fist snap down to the target.
-At the instant of the fist-landing, your right foot generally is in the air; but it settles immediately behind you (illustration shown in the book).
"If your oppponents is using hooks that are "open" or "semi-swings", you can step inside his left hook and land your own right shovel hook to his chin or to his body. In reverse, you can step inside his right hook with your own left shovel to chin or body.
"Usually when you slip a straight punch you can step beneath it with a corkscrew to the body. You can step in with hooks whenever you feel that the openeings require it;but don't let your stepping cause you to open your hooks so they become swings or semi-swings. And once you do step in with a hook - regardless of its effect upon your opponent - be prepared to let that hook be first in a barrage of hooks, or the fist in a combination series of hooks. In the barrage you merel blaze away to the body and head, trying to land as many stunning hooks in the shortest time possible. The barrage may be shifted at any time from body to head, if it has brought your opponent's guard down; or, from head to body, if your opponent's guard has gone up."
"Quite different is the combination series. The series has been practiced many time in advance. It may include from three to six punches. Each punch has its particular target, and you try to make each punch find that target as you deliver them with rapid-fire speed. However, the chief aim of the series is that combination of hooks, shooting for various targets, will so confuse your opponentn that his target for the final punch will be wide open.
"A series of five, for example, might be designed to open an opponent's chin for a crushing right outside hook to the chin. Such a series could be thrown like this:
1) as you slip under his left jab, you smash him in the solar plexus with a right corkscrew, followed immediately by this outside hooks:
- a left to the chin
- a right to the chin
- a left to the kidney
- a terrific right to the jaw
"Sometimes you can mix shovel hooks and outside hooks in a series without destorying your punching rhythm.
"Before I finish with hooks, let me tell you about an interesting punch called the "sneaker". The sneaker is a slightly overhanded right hook to the head, delivered at the instant you force a break-away from a clinch. In boxing, it is illegal for you to use this blow or any other, after the refee has told you to break. But you can use it before he orders a break - when you make your own break. In fist-fighting you can use it whenever you get the chance.
"Here's what you do in a clinc when you haven't room to punch with either hand:
- Keep your head in close to the left side of your opponent's head with your chin slightly over his shoulder
-Manoeuvre with your left hand until you can grab the inside crook of his right elbow, and thus hold his right arm so firmly that he can't punch you with it
-Get his left arm under your right arm and clamp your right hand under his arm -just above the elbow- just below the bicep (illustration shown in book).
(Note the illustration looks exactly like the Gracie Jiujitsu pre bear hug clinch from the front position. That is: it's a clinch position but you're not wrapping the opponent up like a bear hug but rather controling the arms. It is the exact same position seen in Gjj self-defense where the defender controls the opponents arms before moving into a hip throw).
"When you hold him in that fashion, he can't hit you; but you are in a perfect position to break away sharply and deliver a stunning overhanded "sneaker" hook.
"Suddenly, yank him tighter to you with your right hand; then , shove him voilently away with both hands and almost in the same movement - whip an outside right hook up over his left shoulder - and down - so that your striking knuckles smash into his left jawbone or left temple (illustration shown in book).
"If the "sneaker" is delivered properly, your opponent will drop like a poleaxed steer. If he doens't drop, he'll be so groggy that one or two shovel to the chin will finish him. Practice the "sneaker" until you can do it automatically. It's called a sneak punch because it's delivered on the break, when an opponent is not expecting it, and when he's off balance. Becasue of its surprise and explosiveness, the sneaker is one of the deadliest of punches."
End of chapter 16
Next time: Chapter 17 UPPERCUTS.
Keep 'em coming m.g.
i will archive to my site in a few mins.