Principal Andy -
Despite being one of the foremost authorities on the planet when it comes to animal death fights, I fully acknowledge my ineptitude when it comes to firearms.
I deeply regret not taking advantage and learning from the several relatives I had who had decades of experience.
3 main questions vex me at the moment.
-For home defense, which is truly KING: shotgun or handgun???(and which specific one)
-How do you weigh out stopping power against risk of going through multiple walls and gorking neighbor next house over?
-What ammo types are most appropriate for home defense vs target practice?
Thank you, sincerely.
Unfortunately you will never get a consistent answer on your questions. A lot of gun owners regurgitate old lore about “stopping power”, which is just simply false. I will give you my opinion, but as I mentioned, everyone will have a different take.
-I believe the handgun is king because it can be kept in a nightstand, holster, very portable, hold lots of rounds, and be held with one hand. There is no “one”, but you would want a quality brand, using quality ammo, that you have time to train with.
-Stopping power is a myth between the main home defense calipers. What stops someone is vital shot placement. Use what you can be accurate with. This is why I feel 9mm is sufficient. Over penetration is a real thing. Buying the correct ammo and using proper safety measures will help mitigate this risk.
-Lots of types of ammo. Generally speaking, hollow point for home defense and full metal jacket for target. There are other variables, but those are the general categories.
Hope this helps.
Stopping power is not a myth.
A shotgun absolutely will stop something better than a handgun. A more powerful handgun will do the same over a smaller or slower one.
The smaller and slower the bullet, the less chance it has to break through bone and tissue. Especially as the JHP opens up.
Weaker calibers are more likely to be deflected by bone at off angles.
Source - Me, a lifelong hunter.
Also, if stopping power was a myth we would all be using 22's due to lack of recoil and capacity.
There are studies showing the more powerful handgun calibers result in more fatalities than the smaller ones.
That being said, 9mm is fine especially for a beginner.